Village appellation of the Côte de Beaune district.
The VOLNAY appellation includes 29 Premiers Crus " Climats "
On the label the names VOLNAY and VOLNAY PREMIER CRU may be followed by the name of the " Climat " of origin.
Volnay, perched on the hill of Chaignot high up in the Côte de Beaune, occupies a narrow and steeply sloping site as if to allow more space to the vines. The hill itself is oriented slightly differently from the general run of the country so that the vines face south-east rather than east. These vineyards have been valued and exploited for centuries.The typicity of this red Pinot Noir wine was fixed as early as the 18th century. It gained its controlled appellation status in 1937. The Volnay appellation is twinned with Volnay-Santenots, grown in neighbouring Meursault on ground equally suited to the Pinot Noir grape.
The oolitic limestone has a superficial similarity to the reddish igneous rock (porphyry) found in the Morvan district. It is pink in colour with pale green inclusions and overlain by banks of schist. At the top of the slope, this limestone predominates. Lower down we find white, chalky-textured argovien limestone. Lower still are reddish Bathonien limestones, pebbly and ferruginous. The soils at the foot of the slope are deeper and more gravelly. Altitudes : 230-280 metres.